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Asthma in Domiciliary Care Policy

This document sets out the values, principles and policies underpinning {{org_field_name}}’s approach to its treatment of people who use services with asthma. {{org_field_name}} considers that every person has the right to the highest possible quality of care in the management of their health needs.

Policy Background

{{org_field_name}} follows the British Guidelines on the Management of Asthma. It understands that asthma is a long-term condition involving the respiratory system in which the airways constrict and become inflamed, causing symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing.

Episodes or “attacks” may be triggered by such things as exposure to an environmental stimulant such as environmental tobacco smoke, cold or warm air, perfume, pet dander, moist air, exercise or exertion, or emotional stress. These are sometimes referred to as “triggers” and can include allergies.

Policy Aims

The aim is to reduce the impact of asthma on the lives of people who use services and improve their quality of life where possible, helping them to manage their condition where required and ensuring they are able to live with dignity and independence.

Diagnosis, Treatment and Care

In {{org_field_name}}:

• each person with asthma will have their condition included in their initial needs assessment conducted when they are first assessed for care — this will include discussion of how they cope with activities of daily living, medication needs, how they manage any asthma attacks and what, if any, help they require
• where input from a GP is required for a needs assessment, an appropriate appointment will be made
• where a care package is agreed which includes domiciliary care support, an individual care plan will be agreed between the person receiving care (with relatives or carers where appropriate), general practitioner and home care staff; this plan may include elements of care related to asthma where such a need is identified, people who use services themselves will be seen as equal and expert partners in care and individual plans will be person focused and fully negotiated with each client at every stage, the plan should include input from specialist agencies involved in the care of the person where necessary
• where relevant, the plan will include:
a) a full list of medications and asthma treatment, including dosage and frequency information — and arrangements for the administration of the medication (ie whether self-administered or where help is required by appropriately trained care staff)
b) arrangements for an annual review which will include a complete assessment of the person’s asthma control
c) measures to minimise the risk of both long-term and short-term complications of the person’s condition
d) any additional support or help required in activities of daily living and in maintaining contact with social networks
• care plans for people with asthma may include details of exactly how episodes of shortness of breath should be managed and details of how the individual should be managed if they are unwell and having difficulty breathing
• care plans will be reviewed on an annual basis or more frequently if a person’s condition changes
• all people who use services who have been diagnosed with asthma should be encouraged to have an annual review with their GP; it is the organisation’s understanding that, for patients with severe asthma, such reviews should include:
a) a review of reliever and preventer medication
b) a review of the number of asthma attacks suffered
c) a review of other medication prescribed, such as steroids
d) side effects of medication
e) an investigation into any links to triggers or allergies
f) checking correct use of inhalers
g) appropriate lung function tests such as spirometry
h) an opportunity to discuss concerns or issues
i) referral to specialist teams if required
• those people with severe asthma should expect to be referred for specialist assessment if their asthma is difficult to control
• the approach taken should be one of empowering people with asthma, where possible, to be as self-caring and as independent as possible, self-managing their condition and thus maintaining and enhancing their dignity and privacy; as part of this self-empowerment people who use services will be encouraged to:
a) talk to staff about any concerns or worries they may have
b) understand what triggers their own asthma attacks
c) know what to do if they have an asthma attack
• where a person with asthma is a smoker, they will be offered all appropriate help and support to stop smoking, including referral to local smoking cessation services if they wish; all options will be discussed with the individual, whose choices will be respected.


The organisation understands that there are two main types of medicines used to treat asthma: relievers and preventers. Relievers (blue inhalers) are emergency medicines taken during an asthma attack. They are small tubes that contain medication in a vapour form. When a person suffers an asthma attack they struggle to breathe and the inhaler can be used to introduce the medication directly into the lungs by breathing it in. The medication then acts on the airways, dilating them and allowing the victim to breathe. Preventers (brown, red, orange inhalers, sometimes tablets) are used to prevent attacks.

In {{org_field_name}}:


{{org_field_name}} believes that the education and training of care staff in the treatment and care or people with asthma is fundamental if they are to understand the potential effects and complications of the condition and provide effective care for s.

All new staff should be encouraged to read this policy on asthma care as part of their induction process as well as any associated policies and care protocols. Care staff will be offered additional training in the basic care of asthma and covering the use of inhalers. They will also be trained in what to do if a person has an asthma attack.

Responsible Person: {{org_field_registered_manager_first_name}} {{org_field_registered_manager_last_name}}

Reviewed on: {{last_update_date}}

Copyright ©2024 {{org_field_name}}. All rights reserved

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